EB Traffic Solutions

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Helping Traffic Engineers Optimize Parking Management

One of the major problems that traffic engineers face today is not only limited to less space for cars moving on the road but also, pertains to the limited space available for parked vehicles. Data concerning the availability of parking space, the degree of its usage, and demand for parking is, therefore, crucial. Parking studies and surveys, ultimately, intend to offer all this information.

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Parking Studies: The Beginning

A traffic engineer needs to define the study area before initiating car parking studies. A cordon line helps to define the study area that includes traffic generators and a periphery (inclusive of all points within a suitable walking distance). The boundary is drawn to smoothen cordon counts by reducing the number of entrance and exit points.

Types of Parking Studies

After the traffic engineering company in Melbourne defines the study or survey area, they conduct different kinds of parking studies. Parking studies need to make an accurate evaluation of parking needs and policies. 

These studies include:

Inventory Studies

Inventory studies help to determine the current parking situation in a chosen area. Traffic engineers establish the current parking conditions via an inventory of spaces. These studies comprise of the location, condition, type, and the number of parking spaces. Parking rates, time limits, hours of availability, space layout, geometry, and ownership of the off-street facilities are other components of the inventory studies.

Accumulation Counts

Accumulation Counts help to acquire data on the number of vehicles parked in a survey area during a specific period. The number of vehicles already parked in that area is first counted. The number of vehicles entering and exiting during a certain period is then counted, added or subtracted from the total number of vehicles. Accumulation data are normally summarized by period for the entire study area. Consideration of accumulation or total spaces helps to calculate the occupancy. When the accumulation data of vehicles is plotted against the time of the day, traffic engineers can determine the peaking characteristics of car parking.

Surveys on Duration and Turnover

Parking turnover is the rate of use of a parking facility. This rate is determined when the number of vehicles parked divides the number of available parking spaces in a specified timeframe. The accumulation counts study provides no information on parking duration, turnover or parking violations. A license plate survey, therefore, becomes important. When planning a license plate survey, traffic engineers presume that each patrolling observer can check approximately four spaces in a minute.

User Information Surveys

Individual users have the ability to offer valuable information that license plate surveys fail to obtain. The two key methods for gathering these data include parking interviews and postcard studies.

Land Use Method

Traffic engineering companies in Melbourne also use parking generation rates to predict the parking demand. They tabularize the type and intensity of land uses throughout the survey area. Traffic engineers even estimate the number of parking spaces needed for each unit of land use to fulfill the parking demand. They overestimate the demand for parking by about 10 percent.


Car Parking Studies are critical to parking management; fulfilling the ever-growing demand for parking. Other studies that traffic engineers consider on car parking design include development, zoning, and comparative planning studies.

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0408 395 729

Suite 466 585 Little Collins Street Melbourne Vic 3000
Melbourne, 3000



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